DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF SELF-ESTEEM SCALE FOR CHILDREN
Keywords:Self-Esteem, Children, Adolescent, Scale Development, Validation
The study aimed to indigenously develop the Self-Esteem Scale for Children grounded on multidimensional model of self-esteem by James Battle (2002). For this purpose self-esteem was espoused as having four components namely (1) General self, (2) Social self, (3) Academic self, and (4) Parental self. After item generation the scale was administered on a population of 298 children in terms of two pilot studies having sample of (n=97; n =200) repectively. After pilot testing, the final Self-Esteem Scale for Children was administered upon a sample of 234 children with age range between 12-16 years. Principle component analysis showed that most of the items on scale were heavily loaded on first four factors with Eigen value >.1. The 16-item scale correlated positively with an average of r= .50, p<.01. The Self-Esteem Scale for Children is shown to have very good internal consistency (α=.80, p<.01), split-half reliability (r= .68, p<.01) and test-retest reliability r= .80, p<.01). Henceforth psychometric evaluation established Self-Esteem Scale for Children as a reliable and valid measure of self-esteem in a multidimensional context.
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